What Are the Different Types of Air Conditioning Systems?

Commercial Air Conditioning

What Are the Different Types of Air Conditioning Systems?

KES Facilities
Tuesday, February 4th, 2020

You might scoff at the idea of air conditioning in the United Kingdom when you look outside on a dreary winter’s day. But the reality is that AC (air conditioning) is extremely important on commercial properties. Even in winter, commercial buildings need fresh, high-quality, cool air for cramped and stuffy work spaces. When the heatwaves of summer begin, that air conditioning system needs to be performing perfectly.

That being the case, your business will have already started researching the different types of AC configurations on the market. Where do you begin? There are many different types of AC setups because there’s a huge range of AC requirements. Certain coolants and materials, such as F-Gas, are also now being strictly regulated and you need to carefully control their usage.

In this article, we’ll provide you with an overview of the most common types of air conditioning systems and explain why they vary so much. No matter which AC system your business needs, KES Facilities can help.

The Different Types of Commercial Air Conditioning Systems

There are several different types of AC systems due to the range of commercial AC requirements on properties. Different buildings have different ventilation configurations and climate conditions. Weather demands, varying coolant materials, a range of fuels, and contrasting AC budgets all ensure that no two designs are the same.

That being the case, there are several different AC systems to suit different requirements. Whether you’re upgrading an old AC system or installing a completely new setup, these are three of the most common types of commercial air conditioning systems you should know about.

Single-Split System

This is one of the most popular types of air conditioning systems. That’s mostly because it’s the best option for small commercial properties, but it’s also surprisingly affordable. If your building is a small shop, café, or even a small office, a single-split AC system allows you to individually control the temperature within each room.

They’re also incredibly convenient for maintenance and repairs. When one unit breaks down, the rest of the units will still operate without any negative effects. Unlike central systems, the single-split units aren’t interconnected.

This does mean, however, that each AC unit needs an outdoor unit as well. That can quickly use up a lot of space, and another system may be a better match for your spatial configuration.

Multi-Split System

This air conditioning system works in a very similar way to the single-split system. There are ducts throughout the building, and cool air is circulated among them. Refrigerants and evaporators ensure that the temperature of the air reflects the temperature setting as indicated on the control dial.

However, with a multi-split system, you can connect several indoor units to one individual outdoor unit. This is a significant saving on space, made possible by the inverting technology. It’s also a more efficient AC arrangement. Instead of operating the energy-sapping compressor every time there’s a temperature change, small adjustments are made as and when they’re required to keep the temperature constant.

But, it’s not a completely perfect AC solution. Since there are multiple indoor units attached to one outdoor unit, installation costs are higher, the work is more complicated, and generally takes more time to complete.

VRF/VRV System

There are two names for this AC system, but they describe the same thing. Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) and Variable Refrigerant Volume (VRV) are one and the same, except that VRV is the term patented by the manufacturer Daikin.

This AC configuration is best suited to medium and large-scale spaces. If your commercial space has tall ceilings and expansive, open-plan areas, then the Heat Pump system will do a good job of heating or cooling it. On the other hand, Heat Recovery will heat and cool the area simultaneously, but this is much more suited to a group of smaller rooms.

Installation is quick, and the technology is extremely reliable. Since air is recycled, it’s also an efficient system and can be adjusted to suit most large commercial properties. As you might expect, it’s the most expensive of the three systems.

The Other Types of AC Systems

There are more types of AC systems, but they’re far less common than the three we’ve discussed. Variable Air Volume (VAV) and Constant Air Volume (CAV) are both single duct air systems you might consider. Ceiling fans and industrial box fans are also an option, but they’re far better suited to warehouse spaces.

Air Conditioning Systems with KES Facilities

You have a lot to think about when installing or upgrading your new AC system, such as:

  • AC system equipment placement and space
  • Ventilation
  • Building configuration
  • Climate
  • Spatial requirement
  • Business demands
  • Humidity
  • Operating cost
  • Maintenance cost
  • AC equipment reliability and flexibility
  • Coolants and fuels

That’s a lot to consider when identifying the requirements of your AC system. Why not leave it to the experts instead?

At KES Facilities, we keep all of this in mind, meaning we don’t miss any critical information. We guarantee to provide your commercial property with the AC system that best meets your spatial requirements, business demand, and budget.

The technology behind air conditioning systems is constantly moving forward. Different systems excel in different spaces, and we know the best product to recommend. Our talented technicians work throughout Yorkshire. They’re highly trained, professional, and able to install, maintain and repair any air condition system.

Get in touch with our friendly Yorkshire team today by calling 0113 347 1234.